Dental implants are indicated for the replacement of absent or lost roots. They act as pegs to support the teeth.
Dental implants are artificial roots that look like screws made of metal with strict biological properties: pure titanium. These screws are inserted into the maxilla or the mandible (upper or lower jaw).
Already widely used in orthopaedics to reduce fractures and attach prostheses, titanium is recognised as the material of choice for its passivity, neutrality and high osteointegration capacity, that is to say, ability to be accepted by the bone.
For six to eight weeks, the bone cells colonise the implant until it becomes perfectly stable.
Only after this period can the teeth be screwed or glued to the implant.
There must be sufficient bone mass to be able to insert the dental implant. If there is not, a bone graft is required.
Advantages of a dental implant
- It replaces traditional bridges which require existing natural teeth to be trimmed or mutilated.
- Implant insertion is now a reliable procedure, the effects of which are long-lasting, proven and validated by acquired scientific data.
- It produces an appearance and comfort identical to natural teeth.
- Chewing is restored.
- It avoids the painful gingival irritation linked to unstable mobile prostheses.